One interesting thing is that use of C, the oldest of the top 5 languages, is increasing.
You can read the full article at The 2015 top ten programming languages including how they assessed which languages are used. They also have a App you can purchase if you want finer detail and to always be up to date.
The Internet of Things, or IoT as it is abbreviated to, is still an emerging trend. But it is driving some substantial changes in some industry areas. This includes the 4th Industrial Revolution, also known as Industry 4.0.
If you are deploying to a factory or industrial complex, then generally the networking and power is already dealt with and you can piggy back off the existing infrastructure. But what about deploying Remote Telemetry? If you wanted to measure water tank levels or water usage in a rural location you might have to use a solar powered or primary battery powered system and 3G or 4G communications to get the data back to a website or server. That can have its own challenges. The typical industrial computer used for these monitoring tasks and posting reports or transactions requires a lot of power to run and is expensive. So can you do it if the budget for the hardware is $600, you don’t want to use solar cells and also don’t want to change the batteries every month?
The answer is YES. Check out this short video to find out how.
This link for this information was provides by John Larase of Staff.com and I thought you might find it interesting to know what the salaries for a range of IT roles looked like from different countries. John originally sent the link to our Business Mentor Dr Marc Dussault, The Exponential Growth Strategistof Exponential Programs. Marc saw the potential interest for you and passed it on to me.
IT Salaries Internationally
The above screenshot shows relative salaries for Software Developers around the world. Note that Australia has the highest absolute salaries. Relative salaries within countries vary. For instance, technical professionals tend to be paid relatively more in developing countries and relatively less in developed countries. You can check out the full interactive at Salaries Around The World.
The job categories covered are:
Senior Web Developer
Senior Web Developer
Australia is in the top 3 for salaries in every category and the top payer for 3 of these categories. So definitely the place to be if you work in Web Development or Software Development.
You might find the Staff.com Blog of interest if you are in the recruiting industry or looking for your next role.
As a process, Product Development can be handled a number of different ways. And if your product only requires input from a single technical discipline which you are very experienced in, then you can usually predict everything you need to do and just make sure it all happens the right way.
But if the product is complex, involves many disciplines, and has unknowns about the technical direction to take, then it can sometimes resemble a roller coaster ride more than it does a straight forward journey. And there can be unexpected bumps along the way.
Our most recent employee brought this video to my attention and I thought it covered this topic really well. We used it for an in house lunch and learn session so I recommend you check it out to. It isn’t short so you might want to set aside a time you can sit back and enjoy it.
This is the first in a series of posts looking at the 4th Industrial Revolution that is now upon us. To understand why this is a big deal, it is worth looking at the previous 3 Industrial Revolutions.
This material is based on presentations made by Dr. Martin Schlegel who is a consultant providing regular updates to the South East Business Networks as well as working with overseas organisations working in this area. He even has clients in Germany.
This is the first of the mechanical automation to create a huge breakthrough in productivity and consistency of production. The earliest examples are steam and water driven textile mills and weaving machines. These completely change the way cloth was produced in the 1800s.
This is the production line. Now you might immediately think of Henry Ford here, but he was not the first by a long shot. Early examples are meat production moving away from shopping blocks where all of an animal was butchered to a line where at each station a different step of the butchering took place.
Regardless of the example, the modern production mass volume technique was now in play.
In the 1970s the advent of computers and PLCs meant that production lines could be controlled by IT systems. And with Electric control for many processes this allowed automation of production activities at an unprecedented level. With QA systems and the ability to do automated inspection you could guarantee quality at very high production rates. This dropped the unit production to lower levels than was possible in the past.
And this is as far as many have gone.
We have smart machines, sensor that communication, high data rate wired and wireless networking and a range if identification technologies including optical and RFID. If you put that together with Industry 3.0 automation and IT systems you can now have Mass Customisation. Industry 3.0 focused on high volume, low mix, high quality manufacture. Industry 4.0 takes that and adds high mix, self maintaining machines, automated order to delivery scheduling and the ability to create reliably customised product just as readily and cost effectively as Industry 3.0 ensured reliable quality of high volume products.
Internet Of Things
Although Europe, and Germany and Switzerland in particular, have been looking at this for 15 years now; the difficulty with getting the language clear and the benefits obvious shows that we are still in the emergent phase. The Cincinnati meat processors might have shown the world what was possible in the late 1800s, but adoption took time. The adoption time will be less with this next revolution because of modern technology but it will still take a while for us to fully comprehend the advantages and to establish best practice. The biggest change will be in our thinking.
For some useful extra reading on the topic, I recommend the following articles:
Last year at the Victorian iAwards 2014 , our client Rectifier Technologies Pacifictook out 2 categories for Victorian. This year we are pleased to have 2 clients as finalists and at the iAwards ceremony this evening they both took out merit awards for their category. A merit award means they were judged to be within 5% of the category winners and so also qualify for inclusion in the National iAwards.
iAwards VIC Merit
Rectifier Technologies Pacific received a Merit Award in the Sustainability category for the RT18 425V High Efficiency EV Charger Rectifier. This is an important technology breakthrough in high efficiency electric vehicle charging and we were pleased to see them received recognition for that. Software we developed for them is part of the product.
And Skynanny.net received a Merit Award in the New Product category.
Skynanny.net iAward merit certificate – New Product
We are very pleased for Jason and Lynne who have had to persevere through a lot to get to this point. The combination of Bluetooth Smart, Qi Wireless Charging, 3G communications and GPS tracking in a device the surface area of a business card was a big technical challenge and deserved to be recognised.
Skynanny.net celebrate with Successful Endeavours and Zain Digital
Our congratulations also go to Zain Digital for their work in development of the App and Web Services that supports the product.
The PACE Zenith Awards 2015 celebrate the process control and automation industry’s many and diverse successes. The PACE Zenith Awards bring together some of the biggest names in Process Control, Instrumentation and Automation to celebrate, recognise and award companies and individuals for their key contribution to Australian industry.
The awards winners were announced at the PACE Zenith Awards dinner at the Four Seasons Hotel Sydney on June 11th 2015.
This year we were finalists in 4 categories with the Power and Energy Management category having 2 projects selected as finalists.
Successful Endeavours Finalists PACE ZENITH 2015
The categories we were finalists in were:
Water and Wastewater – for our IoT Monitoring Platform + Telemetry Host
Best Fieldbus Implementation – for our IoT Monitoring Platform + Telemetry Host
Power and Energy Management - for our IoT Monitoring Platform + Telemetry Host and the ABB CQ930
Transport Power and Infrastructure - for the ABB CQ930
Also referred to as a PCA, the Printed Circuit Board Assembly follows on from Printed Circuit Board Manufacture. This is where the components are placed onto the Printed Circuit Board and the electrical connections formed.
In this post I will focus on volume manufacturing techniques. We also make Printed Circuit Board Assemblies in house by hand loading very small quantities. This is appropriate for prototypes and Niche Manufacturing quantities.
To start with, lets look at the 2 types of components we most work with. The first type is the Through Hole Component. These have pins that go through the PCB to make electrical connection. These components dominated PCB Assemblies until the 1980s when higher PCB loading density requires a change of technology. They are still widely used where mechanical strength, tall components, heavy components or high current levels are involved. An example is shown below with the connectors, relays, transformers and removable components as Through Hole with the Surface Mount Components toward the centre:
Through Hole Technology
The second type is the Surface Mount Component or Surface Mount Device and the overall process is referred to as Surface Mount Technology or SMT. These devices do not require holes through the PCB to mount them and so can be placed closer together and it also improves track routing options because tracks can run on the other side of the PCB without having to avoid the through holes. An example of all Surface Mount assembly is shown below in close up:
Printed Circuit Board Assembly Process
The infographic below was provided by Algen Cruz of Advanced Assembly in the USA. Algen also provided a brief explanation to go with it and I have added that as well. You can click on the infographic to view a larger version.
Printed Circuit Board Assembly
”Design-for-Assembly (DFA), although not as well known as Design-for Manufacturing (DFM), needs to be taken into account during the design phase. And the first step in being able to design-for-assembly is to understand the assembly process. This infographic features this process by showing how a board goes from an unpopulated printed circuit board (PCB) to a final product, ready to be packaged and sent to consumers.” Algan Cruz
This year we were finalists at the Endeavour Awardsin the categories of Australian Industrial Product of the Year and IT Application of the Year. We didn’t win either category but the competition was pretty tough and I was pleased for ANCA for beat us for the Australian Industrial Product of the Year and also won the overall award for Manufacturer of the Year. The full list of winners are announced at the Endeavour Awards Winners 2015 official winners list.
Endeavour Awards Finalists 2015
It was a great night and a chance to share the evening with most of our team and a room full of people who are looking to be part of the solution rather than just contributing to the problem of being competitive in Australian Manufacturing.
Endeavour Awards 2015 Australian Industrial Product Of The Year
Endeavour Awards 2015 IT Application of the Year
If you have been following us then you will also be aware we are finalists at the PACE Zenith Awards in Sydney on June 11th in 4 categories. Wish us luck.
That is a lot of steps. And there are things that can go wrong. The main pitfalls to avoid in the PCB Design Process are:
track widths too narrow
clearances between tracks are too small
acute angle entry to pads
component footprints have pins in the wrong place or the wrong size
component outlines are wrong
silkscreen or overlay over solder pads
via annulus too thin
mounting holes in the wrong place or the wrong size
PCB outline incorrect
PCB 3D profile doesn’t fit into the intended enclosure
And there are a range of issues that can affect the PCB Manufacturing Process. These include:
misalignment of drill holes to tracks to PCB outline routing
internal cut outs missed / not routed
over etching or under etching of the copper
incomplete plated through holes
poor surface finish
poor FR4 and copper bonding or moisture ingress leading to delamination
Maybe you are wondering how a PCB ever gets made successfully? This comes back to undertaking the PCB Design with an understanding of both electronics engineering design principles and the process capability of the manufacturer into account. And when you get it right, the final product can be pretty awesome. A good example can be found at this post about making a Fine Pitch PCB.